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How many municipalities can be involved in IMC?

From Municipal Cooperation

Understanding IMC
When is IMC relevant?
What are the different areas of IMC?
What are the benefits of IMC?
How many municipal functions can be performed under IMC?
How many municipalities can be involved in IMC?
What are the different possible legislative contexts for IMC?
What are the most common legal forms of IMC in Western Europe?
How is IMC financed?
What are the potential negative side effects of IMC?

The number of municipalities involved in IMC can vary widely, from only two neighbouring municipalities to several tens of municipalities. For instance, it is not uncommon that entire micro-regions get involved in IMC to promote their tourism potential or protect the environment. Larger municipalities with greater capacities and resources often provide services to the smaller neighbouring ones.

The larger the number of municipalities involved in IMC, the more complex the cooperation. This is the reason that IMC is often initiated by a few municipalities and over time, additional neighbouring municipalities join the partnership (or drop out of it). In Spain, for instance, the average number of municipalities involved in mancomunidades is eight, and 50 percent of them have six or fewer members, with the largest having 94 member municipalities.